Photovoltaic solar energy, in addition to being a renewable energy source that leads the drive towards the energy transition, is experiencing great technological advances as a result of its versatility and the maturity of the industry.

WHAT IS EXPECTED FROM PHOTOVOLTAICS BY 2024?

Photovoltaic energy has made improvements in the manufacture  of both polycrystalline and monocrystalline solar panels, but it also goes a step further by experiencing continuous improvements thanks to the incorporation of new and disruptive technologies such as artificial intelligence.

For this new year, several innovations have been outlined that promise to increase the efficiency and reduce the costs of solar energy, thus cementing its position as a crucial energy source for the future. Some of them are as follows:

  1. Perovskite Solar Cells: These types of cells remain one of the most exciting trends in photovoltaic technology. In fact, they have proven to be exceptionally efficient, outperforming traditional silicon cells. That is why in 2024 the large-scale production and commercialization of these cells is expected to accelerate.
  2. Tandem Technologies: This technology makes it possible to make the most of incident sunlight and significantly improve conversion efficiency. According to researchers, these tandem systems could reach efficiencies of more than 30% in the coming years.
  3. Advanced Anti-Reflective Layers: These are used to optimize the absorption of sunlight and help minimize light losses by improving photon capture, resulting in higher conversion efficiency. By this year, improvements in these layers are expected to contribute to the overall performance of the solar panels.
  4. Nanotechnology Integration: By incorporating nanostructures into solar cells, researchers seek to improve electron capture and conduction, thereby increasing overall efficiency. Nanotechnology is here to revolutionize the solar industry!
  5. Integrated Storage: Another major advance is energy storage. These systems make it possible to store excess energy during periods of maximum generation and release when demand is high, or weather conditions are not optimal. This system improves the reliability of supply.

Photovoltaic technology has come a long way over the years, and while there are still challenges to overcome, developments planned for 2024 are generating renewed optimism in solar’s ability to play a crucial role in the energy transition.