Energy hybridization refers to the integration of multiple energy sources, such as solar and wind. This approach seeks to leverage the strengths of each component to maximize efficiency and minimize environmental impacts, potentially involving the combination of renewable energy entities, energy storage, and conventional generation technologies.

THERE IS ALREADY A COMMITMENT TO INSTALL SOLAR PANELS NEXT TO WIND FARMS

Renewable hybridization is a renewable solution that not only facilitates the massive integration of renewables into  the electricity system, but also allows generating companies to optimize the use of their connection points and grid access permits.

Combining wind and photovoltaics can help improve system efficiency, reduce generation variability, and provide greater profitability in energy production. Their combination makes it possible to obtain electricity through solar panels with energy from windmills.

Wind farms have large open spaces between wind turbines, and only about 3% of the surface area of a facility of this type is actually occupied by equipment and infrastructure, in this case wind turbines. Therefore, the installation of photovoltaic panels on these lands makes it possible to maximise energy production in a single site and to evacuate it through the existing connection point.

What advantages and key considerations can we take into account in this technique?

  1. Resource complementarity: By combining solar and wind energy sources, the variability of both can be harnessed to provide more consistent power generation. In addition, sharing infrastructure, such as substations and transmission lines, can reduce investment costs and improve overall system efficiency.
  2. Improved baseload capacity: Hybridization can help provide more consistent baseload capacity, making it easier to integrate these renewable energy sources into the power grid. In the case of wind farms with solar panels, this translates into a greater number of hours injecting electricity, since there will be hours when there is no solar radiation, but the wind does blow.
  3. Energy storage: Combining wind and solar with energy storage systems, such as batteries, can be especially effective in managing generation variability and ensuring a continuous supply of energy even when weather conditions are not ideal.

Given this scenario, can we consider that the future lies in hybridization?

It seems right to bet on a hybrid model between photovoltaic and wind in the future due to the multiple advantages it entails.  However, this will require a clear and stable regulatory framework, as well as standardization of grid connection requirements.