Solar panels, also known as photovoltaic modules, are devices that convert sunlight into electricity using the photovoltaic effect. In recent years, they have undergone significant advances, which have allowed them to be used more widely.


In a world where renewable energies are becoming more and more important, there is a constant need to be at the forefront of technology. What are the most important photovoltaic technologies?

Solar power in mobile and portable applications: Portable solar panels are becoming increasingly popular and are used to charge mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets, as well as to power equipment for outdoor activities.

Electric vehicles and solar charging: Solar panels integrated into cars and other electric vehicles are being developed to harness solar energy and increase their range. These panels can be charged while the vehicle is parked or even on the move, helping to reduce dependence on external charging stations.

Solar sound barriers: Using the panels in this way not only generates clean energy, but also reduces city noise in affected areas. In order to be effective, the panels must be located close to the areas to be mitigated. They must have a previously calculated degree of inclination and height, based on the origin of the sound and the direction of the sun. According to various alternatives, this application can reduce the noise generated in factories, roads or airports by up to 50%.

Floating solar islands (flotovoltaics): photovoltaics also reaches aquatic surfaces. These are placed in such a way that they simulate an island full of panels.  As they are surrounded by water, the water acts as a natural coolant, increasing the potential energy generated. It also reduces evaporation and algae growth in the body of water.

In conclusion, solar panels have advanced significantly in terms of efficiency, cost and applications. Their use has expanded from residential and commercial power generation to mobile applications, rural electrification and large solar power plants.