Offshore wind energy is also known as offshore wind energy and is that which produces electricity through generators that are placed in the sea.  This energy has great potential as it is practically CO2-free, responds to the environmental problems of climate change and is inexhaustible. 

THE FUTURE PROSPECTS FOR THIS TYPE OF ENERGY

Offshore wind energy has the potential to play a crucial role in the transition to renewable and sustainable energy sources. With continued investment in research and development, this technology is expected to evolve, offering more efficient and economically viable solutions. In addition, international cooperation to address common challenges and share knowledge will contribute to maximizing the benefits of this form of clean energy.

What technological innovations have made their way to offshore wind energy?

  • Developments on floating platforms will allow the installation of wind turbines in deeper waters, expanding the areas available for offshore wind energy.
  • Advances in materials and designs are improving the turbines’ ability to withstand storms and harsh marine environments
  • More efficient transmission systems are being developed to transport offshore power to shore.

What types of structures do we find in offshore wind energy?

  1. Offshore wind turbines with fixed foundations: these are structures mounted on the seabed and are classified according to the foundation used in their construction as “monopile”, “gravity support”, “jackets” or “tripod”.

These fixed foundations offer structural stability and allow the installation of wind turbines in various offshore locations. Fixed  foundation offshore wind farms  have seen significant growth due to the availability of large areas in the ocean with favorable wind speeds, as well as less interference with human activity compared to onshore wind farms.

  1. Floating platform offshore wind turbines: this concept allows  wind turbines to be deployed in large marine areas  with greater wind potential in deep waters, also facilitating machine configurations within offshore wind farms.

Although not yet as widespread as offshore wind farms with fixed foundations, floating platform wind turbines are expected to play an important role in the future of renewable energy generation in the marine environment.

Offshore wind not only represents an efficient renewable energy source, but also offers solutions to challenges associated with onshore power generation. As we move towards a more sustainable future, the expansion and enhancement of offshore wind energy promises to contribute significantly to climate change mitigation and building a greener world.